From Women’s Reservation Bill to a fixed calendar for Parliamentary sessions, BJP must summon the will to push these through Parliament this winter session
The Winter Session of Parliament began on Wednesday. The BJP has a comfortable majority in the Lok Sabha. They effortlessly manufacture a majority in the Rajya Sabha. The numbers are on their side. But do they have the courage to take up even one of these issues in the ongoing winter session of Parliament?
Not two or three of the six listed below. Just one would be a good start in the forthcoming two weeks.
One, pass the Women’s Reservation Bill. The Women’s Reservation Bill, seeking to reserve one-third of all seats for women in the Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies, has been introduced multiple times since 1996, but has failed to become an Act. Versions of the Bill were introduced in 1998, 1999 and 2008. It was passed in the Rajya Sabha in 2010 but lapsed upon the dissolution of the Lok Sabha and the formation of the new government. In its 2014 manifesto, the BJP called women “nation builders” and “committed to 33 per cent reservation for women in Parliament and state assemblies”. Walk the talk. Bring the Bill in December 2022. (Even without the Women’s Reservation Bill, 36 per cent of TMC MPs are women).
Two, appoint a Deputy Speaker in Lok Sabha. Article 93 of the Constitution says that the Lok Sabha should choose two members of the House as Speaker and Deputy Speaker as soon as the case may be. In the 15th Lok Sabha, M Thambi Durai was elected as Deputy Speaker on the 71st day. It is 1,273 days (3.5 years) since the Lok Sabha does not have a Deputy Speaker. The Deputy Speaker is not subordinate to the Speaker. In fact, the Speaker has to tend his resignation to the Deputy Speaker if s/he chooses to do so. B R Ambedkar emphasised this function of the Deputy Speaker and its importance in keeping the Speaker independent of the executive by opposing the motion to submit the Speaker’s resignation to the President.
Three, accept a 267 Notice from the Opposition to discuss a burning issue. Rule 267 gives Rajya Sabha MPs an opportunity to give a written notice to suspend regular business and seek a discussion on an important issue. The last time such a notice was admitted was in November 2016 (Hamid Ansari was the Chairman) on the issue of demonetisation. Can you believe it, for six years, not even one 267 notice has been permitted? The Opposition demanded a discussion under Rule 267 on several issues such as price rise, farmers’ agitation, Pegasus etc, but to no avail.
Fourth, the PM has to answer a question in Parliament. The Prime Minister has not answered a single question in the Rajya Sabha since 2014. The last time a question was answered by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) in Rajya Sabha was way back in 2016. Since 2014, the PMO has answered seven questions in the Rajya Sabha, as opposed to 85 questions answered by the PMO under Manmohan Singh from 2004-2014. Our Prime Minister is such a brilliant orator. Opposition MPs like me would be delighted to see him answer our questions. He now pops in on Thursday morning for all of 15 minutes.
Fifth, comply with the Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy. Till 2021, 75 per cent of the bills introduced in Parliament were presented without any prior consultation. Fifty-four per cent of the bills placed for consultation did not adhere to the 30-day consultation period mandated by the Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy (2014). Important legislation such as the Right to Information (Amendment) Act 2019, Unlawful Activities Prevention (Amendment) Act 2019, Insolvency and Bankruptcy (Second Amendment) Bill, 2021, the three draconian Farm Bills in 2020, were introduced in Parliament without any prior public consultation. Having the numbers in Parliament does not give the government the licence to bypass public scrutiny. Will the BJP ensure that every bill introduced this Winter Session has been placed for prior public consultation for 30 days?
Sixth, let Parliament function for the scheduled number of days. In the last seven sessions of Parliament, the Houses have been adjourned at an average of five days prior to the scheduled date. In December 2020, the government cited the pandemic as the reason for curtailing Parliament while the real reason for doing so was to evade accountability for the since-repealed draconian farm laws. Parliament sits for less than 100 days in a year. The Rajya Sabha last sat for more days than that in 1974! The number of sittings per year for Lok Sabha has reduced from an average of 121 days (1952-1970) to 68 days per year since 2000.
In 2019, I introduced a Private Member’s Bill to amend the Constitution to provide for a fixed calendar for the three sessions of parliament and a minimum of 100 days of sittings a year for each House. Will the BJP bring a fixed calendar for Parliament and mandate it to run for a 100 days (or more) annually?
So here is a challenge to the BJP: Bring the Women’s Reservation Bill, appoint a Deputy Speaker in the Lok Sabha, accept a 267 Notice in the Rajya Sabha, let the PM answer a question in the Rajya Sabha, put all bills for pre-legislative consultation, and bring a fixed calendar to ensure a minimum of 100 sittings for Parliament.
Mr Prime Minister, will you accept the challenge?
[This article appeared in The Indian Express | Friday, December 9, 2022]